文章摘要
何亚,张学渊,钟诚.耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位硕士研究生培养方法探讨[J].中国医药导刊,2018,20(7):433-437.
耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位硕士研究生培养方法探讨
Discussion on the Training Method of Professional Degree Postgraduate in Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
投稿时间:2018-06-18  修订日期:2018-07-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生教育  耳鼻咽喉头颈外科  培养路径  医学教育
英文关键词: Postgraduate education  Otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery  Culture path  Medical education
基金项目:陆军军医大学第一附属医院教育训练科学研究项目[项目编号:SWH2015JY12z;项目名称:新型客观结构化临床评估(OSCA)在耳鼻咽喉科学临床专业学位研究生考核体系建设中的应用研究 ];中华医学会医学教育分会“2016年医学教育研究课题项目”(项目编号:2016B-PG042;项目名称:OSCA在耳鼻咽喉专业考核体系建设中的应用研究)
作者单位E-mail
何亚 陆军军医大学西南医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科 secondheyaya@126.com 
张学渊 陆军军医大学西南医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科  
钟诚 陆军军医大学西南医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科  
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中文摘要:
      目的:深入探讨耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位硕士研究生培养模式,为建立一个科学的耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位研究生培养体系提供借鉴。方法:耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业硕士研究生入学后先进行为期1个月的岗前培训,随后进入临床各科室轮转。研究生临床培训时间共计33个月,其中相关科室轮转时间为6个月,耳鼻咽喉头颈外科各个亚专科轮转时间为27个月。在研究生期间,需参加执业医师资格考试,并取得执业医师资格证(2年内)。在毕业当年参加住院医师规范化培训结业考试,考核通过获得住院医师规范化培训合格证。完成毕业考试及学位论文答辩获得毕业证和学位证。结果:耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业研究生经过系统科学的临床实践训练,对轮转科室各专业的内容有基本了解,能熟练掌握耳鼻咽喉头颈外科相关基础理论、基本知识、基本技能。能独立完成耳鼻咽喉头颈外科医疗工作;熟练掌握耳鼻咽喉头颈各部位解剖,能独立完成常见手术操作;具备一定专业科研能力。结论:一个目标清晰、路径明确、架构完整、保障到位的耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位研究生培养体系已初步形成。但要彰显最初理念和良好预期还需要付出相当的努力,才能最终培养出优秀的耳鼻咽喉头颈外科专业学位硕士研究生,适应社会需要。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore in the training model of professional degree postgraduate in otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery, so as to provide reference on establishing a scientific professional degree postgraduate training system for otorhinolaryngology,head and neck surgery.Methods:First of all, postgraduate students of otorhinolaryngology,head and neck surgery were enrolled in a one-month Pre-job training. Then the postgraduate clinical training time was 33 months, of which the relevant department rotation time was 6 months,and the sub-specialist rotation time of otorhinolaryngology,head and neck surgery was 27 months.During the postgraduate period, students needed to take the qualification examination for practicing doctors and obtain the qualification certificate for practicing doctors (within 2 years).In the year of graduation,students participated in the standardization training for residents, and passed the examination to obtain the standardized training certificate for residents.Finally, students needed to complete graduation exams and dissertation defenses to obtain diplomas and degree certificates.Results:Through systematic clinical practice training, the postgraduate students of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery had a basic understanding of the rotation department, and they could master the basic theories, basic knowledge,and basic skills of Otolaryngology. They could complete the otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery medical work independently.They were proficient in the anatomy of the ear, nose, throat and neck, and could complete the common surgical operation independently. They had a certain professional scientific research ability. Conclusion:A prodessional degree postgraduate training system for otorhinolaryngology,head and neck surgery with clear objectives,clear path,complete structure and guarantee in place has taken shape. However, it still needs a lot of effort to finally develop an excellent professional degree postgraduate training system in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery,so as to meet the need of society.
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